大學英語四級考試復習精華要點歸納

 

大學英語四級考試流程 -

  8:50---9:00試音時間-

  9:00---9:10播放考場指令,發放作文考卷 -

  9:10取下耳機,開始作文考試 -

  9:35發放含有快速閱讀的試題冊(但9:40才允許開始做) -

  9:40---9:55做快速閱讀 -

  9:55---10:00收答題卡一(即作文和快速閱讀) -

  9:55---10:00重新戴上耳機,試音尋臺,準備聽力考試 -

  10:00開始聽力考試,電臺開始放音 -

  聽力結束后完成剩余考項。 -

  11:20全部考試結束。-

注釋:-

1,標準分滿分710分=聽力248.5+閱讀248.5+綜合測試106.5+寫作106.5。 -

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2,從聽力、閱讀部分的換算表可以看出,錯前兩分的時候,標準分扣分嚴重,1分扣10.5分,錯到第3分的時候,標準分扣分有所降低-7分,扣到10分以后,標準分扣分就更低(3分),可見,標準分換算目的是把同學的成績檔次拉開,讓特別優秀的同學脫穎而出,要想總分取得630分以上,必須保證很高的正確率,卷面扣的前幾分在標準分的權重相當大。這也就解釋了為什么考630分以上的同學這么少!據換算,要考630分,閱讀和聽力部分卷面每部分扣分在3分左右。-

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3,綜合測試的分數權重不大,卷面錯1分在標準分中扣的分也相對較少,而且完型填空題量大,得分率不高,在考場上建議大家不要把完型填空耗費掉太多的時間,得不償失!-

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4. 當你拿到成績單,上面寫著290,那么恭喜你,你的卷面成績為0分。如果425+,就算順利通過啦~-

單詞篇:100個六級高頻詞,四級必考詞

一、100個高頻詞匯。 -

1 accelerate vt. (使)加速,增速 -

【例】accelerate the rate of economic growth -

加速經濟增長 -

【派】acceleration n. 加速 accelerating a.加速的 -

2 account n. 賬戶、考慮 -

【考】take sth. into account 把…考慮在內 -

3 accustom vt.使習慣 -

【考】be accustomed to -

4 adapt vi. 適應 -

【考】adapt to…適應 -

5 adjust vi.適應 -

【考】adjust to...適應… -

6 advocate vt. 宣揚 -

7 affluent a.富裕的 -

【派】affluence n.富裕 -

8 annoy vt.使煩惱, 使惱怒 -

【派】annoying a. 令人惱人的; -

annoyance n. 煩惱; -

?annoyed a.頗為生氣的 -

9 ascribe vt.把…歸咎于 -

【考】ascribe..to 歸因于 -

10 assess vt.評估 -

【派】assessment n. 評估 -

11 assign vt.指派,選派;分配,布置(作業) -

【派】assignment 作業 -

12 assume vt.假象、假定 -

13 attain vt.獲得 -

【考】attain one's ideal 達到理想 -

14 attribute vt. 把…歸因于 -

【考】attribute sth.? to 把...歸咎于 -

15 attribute vt.歸咎于 -

【考】be attributed to? attribute sth. to … -

16 automatically ad. 自動地 -

17 boost vt.提高,推動,使增長 n. 推動,增長 -

【例】boost the economy 推動經濟增長 -

【派】booster n.支持者,推動器 -

18 brilliant a.光輝的、輝煌的 -

【派】brilliance n. -

19 collaborate vi.合作 -

【考】collaborate with. sb. -

20 comprehensive a. 綜合的 -

【考】綜合性大學 -

21 conscious a. 有意識的 -

【考】be conscious of sth. 對 …有意識 -

22 conserve vt.保存、節省 -

【考】conserve energy 保護能源 -

23 considerate a. 考慮周到的 -

24 contribute vt.貢獻 -

【考】contribute to 導致、帶來、為…貢獻 -

25 convenient a.方便的 n.convenience 方便 -

26 convey vt.傳達 -

27 cooperate vt.合作 -

【考】cooperative a.合作的 -

28 coordinate vt.合作 -

29 cultivate vt.培養 -

30 derive vt. 出自、源于 -

【考】derive from … -

31 despair vi.絕望; n. 絕望 -

【考】despair of 絕望; sb. be in despair 某人處于絕望中 -

32 disapprove vt. 不批準、不贊同 -

【派】disapproval n. 不贊同 -

【考】 express strong disapproval -

33 dismiss vt.撤銷、免職 -

【考】be dismissed by one's company 被公司解雇 -

34 distinguish vt.辨別 -

【派】distinguished a.? 突出的 -

35 distribute vt.分配、分發 -

【考】distribution n.分配、分發 -

36 dominate vt. 支配、統治 -

【考】male-dominated society 男性主導社會 -

37 embarrass vt.使窘迫, 使尷尬; -

【派】embarrassed a.(某人)尷尬的; -

embarrassment n. 沮喪 -

embarrassing a. (某事)令人尷尬的 -

38 employ vt. 雇傭;使用 -

【考】in the employ of 受雇于 -

【派】employer n. 雇主;employee n.雇員 -

employment n. 雇傭, 工作 unemployment n. 失業 -

39 engage vt. 從事、訂婚 -

【考】be engaged in sth. 從事… -

40 enhance vt.加強 -

41 enroll vt.注冊、使…入會 -

【派】enrollment -

42 evacuate vt. 撤走、疏散 -

43 evaluate vt.評價、估計 -

【派】evaluation n. -

44 evaluate vt.評價、估計 -

45 excessive a.過度的 -

46 frustrate vt.使沮喪, 使灰心 -

【派】frustration n. 挫折; frustrating a. 令人沮喪的 -

47 genetic a.遺傳的 -

48 guarantee vt. 保證 -

49 identify vt.鑒別、驗明 -

【考】idenfity theft 辨別偷竊 -

50 immigrate vt. 移民 -

【派】immigrant n.移民immigration -

51 implement vt.實施 -

【派】implementation n. -

52 incline vi.傾向 -

【考】be inclined to do sth. 傾向于做某事 -

53 inferior a.下級的、下等的 -

【考】be inferior to 比…低級 -

54 injure vt. 受傷 -

【派】injured a.受傷的; injury n. 受傷 -

55 inquire vi. 詢問 -

56 instinct n.本能、直覺 -

【考】human instinct 人類本能 -

57 integrate vt. 使結合、使一體化 -

【派】integral a.一體的;integration n.一體 -

【考】as an integral whole 作為一個整體global economic integration 全球經濟一體化 -

58 internship n.實習 -

59 inverse a.倒轉的、反轉的 -

60 justify vt.證明…是正當的 -

61 launch vt. 發射、開展 -

【考】launch the spacecraft 發射飛船launch a movement 發起一項運動 -

62 negative a.消極的 -

63 notify vt.通知、告訴 -

【派】notification n. -

64 obligation n.? 責任、義務 -

【考】legal obligation? 法律責任 -

65 obstacle n.障礙 -

66 optimistic a. 樂觀的 -

【考】be optimistic about sth.對…很樂觀 -

67 originate vt.由…產生 -

【考】originate from 由…產生 -

68 overcome vt.戰勝, 克服 -

【例】overcome difficulties 克服困難 -

69 phenomenon n.現象 -

70 positive a.積極的 -

71 potential a.潛在的 -

【考】potential customer 潛在客戶 -

72 preferable a. 更好的 -

73 prevail vt.壓倒、勝過 -

【派】prevailling a. 流行的 -

74 priority n. 優先 -

【考】sth. is the top priority 優先考慮… -

75 proceed vi.進行、著手 -

76 prompt vt.刺激、推動 -

【考】prompt sb. to do sth. -

77 proportion n.比例 -

【派】proportional a.相應的、成比例的 -

78 pursue vt. 追求 -

【派】pursuit n. 追求 -

【考】pursue one's dream -

79 qualify vt. (使)勝任,(使)具有資格 -

【考】qualify for sth. 使具有…的資格 -

【派】qualification n.資格,條件;qualified a.有資格的 -

80 recommend vt.推薦 -

81 reference n.參考 -

82 remind vt.提醒某人注意 -

【考】be reminded of sth. -

83 relevant a. 有關的,切題的 -

【考】be relevant to 與…有關 -

【派】relevance n. 有關,相關;irrelevant a. 不相關的;不切題的 -

84 restore vt. 恢復、修復 -

【考】restore reputation 恢復名譽 -

85 restrain vt.遏制 -

【考】be restrained to do sth. -

86 resume n.簡歷 -

87 reverse vt.顛倒、反轉 -

88 sacrifice vt.犧牲 -

89 starvation n.餓死 -

90 submit vt. 提交 -

【考】submit sth. to sb. 把…提交給某人 -

91 subsidy n.津貼、補助 -

【考】provide subsidy for sb. 為…提供津貼 -

92 superior a.高級的、高等的 -

【考】be superior to 比…高級 -

93 survive vt.幸免于… -

【考】survive sth. 從…中幸免 -

94 transmit vt. 傳播 -

95 tropical a.熱帶的 -

96 undertake vt. 承擔,著手做;保證,同意 -

【考】undertake sth. 從事… -

【派】undertaking n.事業,任務 -

97 vanish vi. 消失 -

98 victim n. 受害者 -

99 visiable a.可看見的 -

100 vision vt. 視力、眼光 –

二、四級高頻詞組 -

1. at the thought of一想到… -

  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整體而論 -

  3. at will 隨心所欲 -

  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 -

  5. access(to) (不可數名詞) 能接近,進入,了解 -

  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地, -

  7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主動地 -

  8. in accord with 與…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致 -

  9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 -

  10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根據 -

  11. on one’s own account -

  1) 為了某人的緣故, 為了某人自己的利益 -

  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行負責 -

  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 -

  12. take…into account(=consider)把..??紤]進去 -

  13. give sb. an account of 說明, 解釋 (理由) -

  14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解釋, 說明。 -

  15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因為。 -

  16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)絕不要,無論如何不要(放句首時句子要倒裝) -

  17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 -

  18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)習慣于。 -

  19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉 -

  20. act on 奉行,按照…行動; act as 扮演; act for 代理 -

  21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己適應于 -

  22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改編, 改寫(以適應新的需要) -

  23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 -

  24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 -

  25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 堅持, 遵循 -

  26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗鄰的, 臨近的 -

  27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)調節; 適應; -

  28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。 -

  29. in advance (before in time) 預告, 事先 -

  30. to advantage 有利的,使優點更加突出地 -

  31. have an advantage over 勝過 -

  have the advantage of 由于…處于有利條件 -

  have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事 -

  32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用 -

  33. agree with 贊同(某人意見) agree to 同意 -

  34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致 -

  35. ahead of 在…之前, 超過…;……………. ahead of time 提前 -

  36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具體. 2)在謠傳中 -

  37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的 -

  38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 總共, 總計 -

  39. after all 畢竟,到底; (not) at all 一點也不; -

  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大體上說; be all in 累極了; all but 幾乎 -

  40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考慮到, 估計到 -

  41. amount to (=to be equal to) 總計, 等于。 -

  42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 對…負責。 -

  43. answer to (=conform to) 適合,符合。 -

  44. be anxious about 為…焦急不安; 或anxious for -

  45. apologize to sb. for sth. 為…向…道歉 -

  46. appeal to sb. for sth. 為某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 對某人有吸引力 -

  47. apply to sb. for sth. 為…向…申請; apply for申請; apply to 適用。 -

  48. apply to 與…有關;適用 -

  49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 贊成, approve vt. 批準 -

  50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。 -

  51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做… -

  52. arrive on 到達; arrive at 到達某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到達某地(大地方); -

  53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…為羞恥 -

  54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保證, 使…確信。 -

  55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 縛, 系 ,結 -

  56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 試圖做… -

  57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顧;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 -

  58. attitude to/ toward …對…的態度??捶?-

  59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。歸因于.., 認為.。是.。的結果 -

  60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 -

  61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意識到,知道。 -

  62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 -

  63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 臥病不起。 -

  64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,維護; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后臺 -

  65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背棄,拋棄 -

  66. behind one’s back 背著某人(說壞話) -

  67. be based on / upon 基于 -

  68. on the basis of 根據…, 在…基礎上 -

  69. beat…at 在…運動項目上打贏 -

  70. begin with 以…開始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(經常用于開始語) -

  71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名義 -

  72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依賴,信仰。 -

  73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好處。 -

  74. for the benefit of 為了…的利益(好處) -

  75. for the better 好轉 -

  76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打敗, 勝過。 -

  77. by birth 在出生上,論出身,按血統 at birth 在出生時; give birth to 出生 -

  78. blame sb. for sth. 因…責備某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上 -

  79. in blossom開花(指樹木) be in blossom開花(強調狀態) come into blossom開花(強調動作) -

  80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火車或飛機 -

  81. boast of (or about) 吹噓 -

  82. out of breath 喘不過氣來 -

  83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)簡言之 -

  84. in bulk 成批地,不散裝的 -

  85. take the floor 起立發言 -

  86. on business 出差辦事。 -

  87. be busy with sth。于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 -

  88. last but one 倒數第二。 -

  89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假設 -

  90. buy sth. for…money 用多少錢買 -

  91. be capable of 能夠, 有能力 -

  be capable of being +過去分詞:是能夠被…的 -

  92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)無論如何 -

  93. in case (=for fear that) 萬一; -

  94. in case of (=in the event of)如果發生…萬一 -

  in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 -

  95. in no case在任何情況下都不(放句首倒裝句) -

  96. be cautious of 謹防 -

  97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上 -

  98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。 -

  99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 -

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 –

三、完形填空重要詞組

1.With the help of 在~~幫助下 under the leadership / care of 在~~領導/關心下

2.be strict with sb. 對~人要求嚴格 be strict in sth. 對~事要求嚴格

3. at present=at the present time 目前 for the present 暫時

4. in the sun/sunshine 在陽光下 under the sun 在世界上

5. lie in 位于~~之內 lie on 同~~接壤 lie to 位于~~之外

6. at least 至少 in the least 絲毫,一點

7. by name 名叫 in the name of 以~~名義

8. in the air 空中,在流傳 on the air 播出

9. in the way 擋路,障礙,用~~方法 in a way 在某點上,在某種程度上get one’s own way to do 隨心所欲 give way 讓步,屈服 lose one’s way 迷路 by the way 順便說一下 on one’s way to 在去~~的路上 Come this way 這邊走

10. at the corner 在拐角處(外角)in the corner 在角落里(內角)

on the corner 在角落上(外角上)

11. judge by / from 根據~~來判斷 judge for oneself 由某人自己來判斷 12. at the end (of) 在~~結束時 at the beginning of 在~~開始時 at the back of 在~~背后,支持 at the age of ~~歲時 at the foot of 在~~腳下 at the bottom of 在~~底部 at the top of 在~~頂上 at/on the edge of 在~~邊上

13. in the course of 在~~過程中 in the eyes of 從~~觀點看來,在~~眼里 in the face of 面對~,盡管,縱使 in the middle of 在~中間 in the end =at last=finally 最后

14. on the eve of 在~~前夕 on the side of 在~~一邊

15. after a time = after some time 過一段時間后 for a time = for some time 一時,有一段時間

16. behind time 遲到,過期 behind the times 落在時代后面

17. at no time 決不 in no time 立即,馬上

18. at one time = once time 曾經 at a time = each time 每次 at times = sometimes 有時 at all times 經常,一直,始終 at the same time 同時 at the time 在~~的時候 by the time 到~~的時候

19. for a moment 一會兒 for the moment 暫時 at the moment 當時

the moment /minute /instance 正當~~一剎那

20. once or twice 一兩次 more than once 不止一次 once more 重新,又 once upon a time 從前 once in a while 偶爾

1. 以break為中心的詞組

break away from 脫離,逃離 break down 破壞,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,拋錨 break in 闖進,打斷;使順服 break into 闖入;強行進入;突然開始 break out 爆發,發生;準備使用;起錨 break the law 違反法律 break the record 破記錄 break one’s promise 失言 break up 開墾,破碎;解散,分開,分解

2. 以catch為中心的詞組

be caught doing 被發現做某事 be caught in the rain 淋雨 catch a bus/train 趕汽車/火車 catch a cold 傷風,感冒 catch one’s word 聽懂某人的話 catch sight of 發現,瞥見 catch up with 趕上,追及,追上

3. 以come為中心的詞組 come across 偶爾發現,想起;越過;償付 come along 一道來,陪伴;進步,進展;出現 come at 達到,求得,得到;撲向,襲擊 come back 回來;恢復,復原 come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒 come from 來自,起源于,從~~產生,生于 come in 進來,進入;流行起來;獲名次 come into being 發生,產生,出現,形成 come into power 開始執政,當權,當選 come into use 開始使用,獲得應用 come on 上演;開始;趕快;發展;登臺;(問題)被提出 come to know 開始了解到 come out 出來,傳出;出版;結果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露 come to 蘇醒,復原;共計;達到;歸結于 come to an end 終止,結束 come true 實現,成為現實;證實 come up 走近;上樓;長出,發芽

4. 以do為中心的詞組

be done in 精疲力竭 be done with 完全結束 do a good deed 做一件好事

do away with 去掉,廢除;弄死;浪費 do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于

do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于 do its work 有效,有作用 do much 極有用

do wrong to 做錯 do one’s best 盡某人最大努力 do one’s homework 做作業

do one’s utmost 盡力而為 do proud 足以使~~驕傲 do sb. justice 公平對待某人 do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞衛生 do sb. a favor 幫助某人

do well in 學得不錯,干得漂亮 do with 和~~相處,忍受,處理 do without 不需要,不用 do wonders 創造奇跡 have much to do with 和~~很有關系 have nothing to do with 與~~無關 have something to do with 和~~有關 in doing so=in so doing 這時,在這種情況下 That will do. 行了;夠了

5. 以get為中心的詞組

get about 徘徊,走動,旅行;流傳 get above oneself 自視高傲 get accustomed to 習慣于,對~~習以為常 get across 度過,通過,橫過;說服,使理解 get ahead of 勝過,超過 get along 前進,進步;同意;離去

get along with 與~~相處 get at 發現,了解;掌握;攻擊 have got to do 不得不,必須 get away 離開,逃脫 get back 取回,回來;報復 get behind 落后;識破 get down 咽下;寫下;使沮喪,使抑郁 get down to 認真對待,靜下心來 get familiar with 熟悉 get hold of 獲得,取得 get home 到家 get in 進入,陷入;牽涉 get off 送走;脫下(衣服);下車;動身 get on 上車;穿上;進步,使前進;成功;相處 get upon with 進步;在~~方面獲得成功 get one’s hand in 熟悉;習慣 get out of 由~~出來,從~~得出;避免;退休 get over 越過;恢復,痊愈;克服;完成 get ready for 為~~作準備 get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,擺脫 get through 到達,完成,通過;及格 get together 積聚,積累;商談,取得一致意見 get up 起床,起立;研究,鉆研;致力于;安排,組織 get used to 習慣于

6. 以give為中心的詞組

be given to 沉溺于,癖好 give about 分配;傳播 give and take 相互遷就

give away 贈送;犧牲;泄露;頒發 give back 歸還 give cause 給予~~的理由 give ear to 側耳傾聽 give forth 發出,放出;發表 give in 屈服,讓步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向~~讓步 give off 發出(煙,氣味) give oneself out to be/as 自稱為 give oneself up to 專心于;向~~自首 give out 分發,公布 give place to 讓位于,被~~所替代 give rise to 引起,導致;使~~發生 give sb. to understand 通知某人 give up 放棄;停止 give way to 讓步,退卻;屈服于

7. 以look為中心的詞組

look about 四下環顧;查看 look after 照顧,看管 look around 東張西望 look at 注視,著眼于 look back 回顧 look for 尋找;期待,期望 look down on 俯視;輕視 look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 窺視;調查;瀏覽 look like 看起來象 look on 旁觀;面向 look out 向外看;注意;當心,堤防 look over 從上面看過去;檢查 look through 透過~~看去;看穿;瀏覽 look up to 仰望,尊敬

8. 以make為中心的詞組

be made from 由~~原料制成 be made of 由~~材料制成 be made up of 由~~組成 make a fool of 愚弄,欺騙 make a mistake 弄錯 make a point of doing 強調;認為~~重要;決心,堅持 make advantages/use of 使用,利用 make after 追求,追趕 make believe 假裝 make certain 確信,把~~弄清楚 make contact with 接通,與~~接觸,與~~聯系 make for 去向,向~~前進;有利于 make friends with 和~~交友 make into 把~~制成,使~~轉變為 make much of 重視;理解;賞識 make one’s mind on sth. 決定某事 make one’s own 當作自己的看待 make oneself at home 隨便,別拘束 make out 填寫;開支票;理解;辨認 make the best of 盡量利用;極為重視 make up 彌補,修理;賠償,補償;起草;編造;化裝 make up to 接近,巴結;向~~求愛 make way for 為~~讓路,讓路于 on the make 急求成功;增加

9. 以put為中心的詞組

put aside 把~~放在一邊;擱置;排除 put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;儲藏;吃喝,吃掉 put back 把~~放回原處;駁回 put down 放下;鎮壓;制止;記下;削減;降落 put forward 提出;撥快;建議,推薦;提倡,倡議 put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻譯成 put off 推遲,延期;消除;推脫,推辭 put on 上演;穿上,帶上 put up with 忍受,容忍 put one’s heart into 全神貫注,專心致志 put up 舉起,掛起;提名,推薦;陳列

10. 以take為中心的詞組

be taken aback 吃驚 take a seat 就坐 take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 take aim 瞄準,設立目標 take away 拿走,減去;奪去 take ~~ by surprise 出奇制勝 take one’s place 就坐,入坐 take care of 當心,注意;照顧;提防;謹慎;處理,對付;負責 take office 就職,上任 take ~~ for 把~當作 take off 脫去,除去;離開;起飛;模仿;起程;致死;復制,作副本;減弱 take one’s temperature 量體溫 take part in 參與,參加 take it easy 別著急,慢慢來 take place = happen 發生,舉行 take the place of 代替 take pride in 以~~為榮,對~~驕傲 take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

11. 以turn為中心的詞組

give a new turn to 對~~予以新的看法 in one’s turn 輪到某人做某事 out of turn 不按次序的,不合適宜的 take one’s turn to do 輪到做 turn a blind eye to 對~~視而不見 turn against 背叛,采取敵對態度 turn back 折回,往回走 turn down 折疊,翻下,駁回,拒絕考慮 turn into 走進;變成,變為 turn to ~~for help 求助于 turn off 關上(自來水,電器開關);解雇,辭退;避開(問題);制造;生產 turn on 打開(自來水,電器開關);反對;依靠,依賴,取決于 turn one’s attention to 把注意力轉向 turn out 培養;證明是;制成;實際情況是 turn out to be 原來是,證明是,結果是 turn over a new leaf 翻開新的一頁,重新開始,改過自新 turn (a)round 旋轉,轉過身來;改變意見;采取新政策 turn to 變成;著手于 turn upside down 顛倒過來,翻過來;使陷入混亂

四、其他常用

1.be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial

2. be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance

3. to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight

4. in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight

5. by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire

6. at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night

7. out of breath / control / question / sight

8. in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain / haste / appearance / common / sum/

general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight

9. on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle

10. for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale

11. by weight ( volume size number~~ ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/ mistake / hand / train ( bus ,taxi ,ship ,boat ~~) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight

12. at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will:任意) / work /

night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large

13. as above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact

14. above all / measure / normal

15. before all / long / time / now / then

16. after all / class / school

17. out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/

doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock /

18. with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence

19. beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example

20. under age / discussion / test / way / repair

語法句型篇:

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名詞 + (that) + 主詞 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

~~~ the most + 形容詞 + 名詞 + (that) + 主詞 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.

海倫是我所看過最美麗的女孩。

Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.

張老師是我曾經遇到最仁慈的教師。

二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容詞 + than to + V

例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.

沒有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么強調...的重要性也不為過。)

例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

我們再怎么強調保護眼睛的重要性也不為過。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否認的...)

例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.

不可否認的,我們的生活品質已經每況愈下。

五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...)

例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.

全世界都知道樹木對我們是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫無疑問的...)

例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.

毫無疑問的我們的教育制度令人不滿意。

七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的優點是...)

例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.

使用太陽能的優點是它不會制造任何污染。

八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...)

例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.

我們必須種樹的原因是它們能供應我們新鮮的空氣。

九、So + 形容詞 + be + 主詞 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于...)

例句:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.

時間是如此珍貴,我們經不起浪費它。

十、Adj + as + Subject(主詞)+ be, S + V~~~ (雖然...)

例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一點也不}

雖然我們的國家富有,我們的生活品質絕對令人不滿意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V,

~~~the + ~er + S + V ~~~

The + more + Adj + S + V,

~~~the + more + Adj + S + V~~~(愈...愈...)

例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.

你愈努力,你愈進步。

The more books we read, the more learned we become.

我們書讀愈多,我們愈有學問。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借著...,..能夠..)

例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.

借著做運動,我們能夠始終保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object(受詞)+ to + V (..使..能夠..)

例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.

聽音樂使我們能夠感覺輕松。

十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我們絕對不能...)

例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

我們絕對不能忽略知識的價值。

十五、It is time + S + 過去式 (該是...的時候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

該是有關當局采取適當的措施來解決交通問題的時候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.

違反交通規定的人應該受處罰。

十七、There is no one but ~~~ (沒有人不...)

例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

沒有人不渴望上大學。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)

例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.

既然考試迫在眉睫,我不得不放棄做運動。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明顯的)

It is apparent that + 句子 (顯然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.

可想而知,知識在我們的一生中扮演一個重要的角色。

二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.

夏天很燠熱。那就是我不喜歡它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 時間,S + 現在完成式...(過去...年來,...一直...)

例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.

過去兩年來,我一直忙著準備考試。

二十二、Since + S + 過去式,S + 現在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.

自從他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)

例句:It pays to help others.

幫助別人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以...為基礎)

例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.

社會的進步是以和諧為基礎的。

二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遺余力的)

例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.

我們應該不遺余力的美化我們的環境

2013年05月29日

南京全國大學英語四、六級考試代報名通知
關于大學英語四、六級考試題型調整的說明

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